Annual Report of Research Activities 2019-2021

Cover Page

Table of Contents

Message from the Commandant

Brigadier-general Nicolas Pilon

Brigadier-général Nicolas Pilon

Over the past few years, the Royal Military College Saint-Jean (RMC Saint-Jean) has experienced a period of tremendous growth with the establishment of a university program and its efforts to regain full academic status within the ministère d’Enseignement supérieur du Québec, an initiative in line with the vision of Canada’s Defence Policy Protection, Security, Commitment announced in June 2017.

During the year 2019-2020, in order to foster the development of its full potential and its contribution within the Canadian Armed Forces, RMC Saint-Jean, under our leadership and after several consultations, developed and published its strategic plan 2020-2025. Our ultimate goal is for the RMC Saint-Jean to become a bilingual and innovative military university recognized for the excellence of the leaders it trains in the service of the country. To achieve this goal, research plays a key role in nurturing educational programs that benefit officer cadets and contribute to the credibility of our institution. Recognizing the importance of research, the College has set several objectives in its five-year plan that will facilitate the work of our researchers and increase their competitiveness. They will thus be able to deploy their full potential for the benefit of Canadian and international society in the field of defence and security and related areas of research.

As you will see in this annual report, the College benefits from the expertise of its highly renowned faculty members, and we are extremely pleased to be able to recognize and share their successes. With the return to university status, RMC Saint-Jean will continue to cultivate the importance of research.


Message from the Academic Director

James Groen

James Groen

This Report demonstrates that the professors at Royal Military College Saint‑Jean (RMC Saint-Jean) are delivering academic and research excellence. It highlights the accomplishments in areas of direct relevance to defence and beyond. Despite the complications imposed by the COVID‑19 pandemic, a growing number of partnerships, grants and publications were secured. The work of the Dean of Research, its Bureau as well as the new Centre for Security and Crisis Governance (CRITIC) were key focal points for RMC Saint‑Jean research success. Professors including those teaching in the International Studies Bachelor programme and in the Professional Military Education Department (PMED) were also active in research and ensured critical knowledge transfer within and outside the College through publications and conferences. They integrated their research into classroom instruction and set an example for our officer‑cadets as well as non-commissioned members helping them to grow as thinkers and doers.

Going forward, RMC Saint‑Jean research efforts will be sustained. Doing so strengthens our reputation alongside our return to university status. The 2020‑2025 Strategic Plan commits the College to continue to grow its capacity in research and knowledge mobilization. It proposes increased access to resources and initiatives for our researchers; to further develop relations with other academic institutions and partners; and to ensure the competitiveness of our researchers. The future for RMC Saint‑Jean is promising. Thanks to all of you who contribute to this important effort !


Message from the Dean of Research

Roch Legault

Roch Legault

In the two years since the last report, the research eco-system has taken on a new dimension at RMC Saint-Jean in order to keep pace with the changes towards the new university status of the institution. The Dean’s Office has continued its organizational development with the addition of a dynamic full-time assistant who took on the challenge to understand both the complexity of university and college research and to support the work of the Dean, committees and researchers in a military context governed by public service regulations. The establishment of an innovative embryonic Research Office is being led on an interim basis by the Director of Research Development and Research Bureau that is already paying dividends far beyond the doors of our institution. The establishment of a person in charge as Research Advisor (ethics component) also responds to the logic of the development of RMC Saint-Jean in line with the Quebec’s government recognition of RMC Saint-Jean’s university status. Here, it is the vice-dean of education who is assisting with research this time. The Director of College Programs, who chairs the committee that allocates research funds for the DHSS (FREDS), and the leadership of the Library, which does not fail to support the crucial projects of the deanship with its expertise and efficiency, are also actively involved.

The pandemic that hit the planet and, by extension, the activities of researchers required adjustments of all kinds. In research at RMC Saint-Jean, we had to improvise in order to keep the channels of communication open with our community through the publication of a newsletter (succeeding to the bulletin) and to ensure contractual support for communications with the external university community. For all the turmoil that the pandemic has caused researchers without fail: cancellations, postponements, slowdowns, downgrades, and above all, uncertainties, we have worked behind the scenes to pursue development projects to prepare for a better tomorrow. We have worked to achieve some aspects of the framework agreement on research and graduate studies signed with the University of Sherbrooke in January 2020, to structure the Centre on Security and Crisis Governance (CRITIC), to support the concept and renew the delivery of the 2020 and 2021 versions of Leadersphere, RMC Saint-Jean’s flagship conference, and to ensure that we respond to the dynamic Ethics Committee, strengthening its composition, assisting with its revised policies, supporting its internal recognition and encouraging its external engagements.

As a reward for the hard work of the deanship and its collaborators, we can appreciate new faces, new accomplishments and new activities to present to you. Research at RMC Saint-Jean has taken off academically.


The Deanship of Research

With more than eighty publications and specialized conferences, RMC Saint-Jean researchers contribute to the scientific production in Canada. They bring their specific expertise to decisionmakers in governmental and international bodies, and to organizations in the community and business sectors. They contribute to public debate through public lectures, the publication of columns and articles in the press, and interventions in the media.

Divers images de publications

In addition to the opportunities offered through the partnership established by the Dean’s Bureau of Research with the University of Sherbrooke, the Bureau of Research and Research Development promotes the expertise and scientific work produced at RMC Saint-Jean and contributes to the dissemination of scientific results. As of November 2020, a communication strategy was implemented to develop the dissemination of research conducted at RMC Saint-Jean with the creation of original content and an active presence on social networks.

Facebook @CMRSJ Recherche
Instagram @cmrsjrecherche
Twitter @cmrsjrecherche

During the pandemic, the Dean’s Bureau also established an internal communication tool, the Newsletter (succeeding to the Research Bulletin), to provide a communication space and link between the Dean’s Bureau and the RMC Saint-Jean research community, to highlight the priority of research, innovation and creation during the pandemic.

Images en bulle de ce qu'est la recherche au CMR Saint-Jean

Innovative Research

The mathematical modeling of energy systems in a context of long-term reduction of greenhouse gas emissions

The mathematical, techno-economic and environmental modeling of energy systems proposes technological solutions at minimal cost in order to satisfy long-term constraints on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. This research aims to develop the use of open source tools that can promote this type of modeling, particularly in North America. [Denis Lavigne, Principal Researcher, PRACD]

Transformation of regional security governance in the Sahel and effects on Sahelian state formation and opportunities for conflict prevention and resolution

With these new theoretical models describing Sahelian governance, a UN peacekeeping mission in Mali and several other international actors are engaged in efforts focused on countering and preventing the spread of violent extremism. What forms of regional governance are these activities constructing? What are the competing visions of this regional security governance? These are the research questions that the project aims to answer [Bruno Charbonneau, Principal Researcher, SSHRC]

Synthesis and characterization of conductive latexes for their application as stealth coatings

New latex paints based on conductive polymers could be applied to the surface of specific aircraft to make them stealthy, i.e. invisible to radar waves. Indeed, in the long term, it will be possible to find conductive polymers for latexes that will be able to absorb radar waves and dissipate them in the form of heat. As the waves cannot be re-emitted, the aircraft will become unoticeable by the radar. These conductive latexes could have other applications, such as dissipating static electricity in sensitive areas like explosives factories. [Laurence Piché, Principal Researcher, PRACD]


The place of drones in the evolution of security

To what extent is the integration, or even proliferation, of drones in European and Norwegian civil airspace transforming the sociotechnical imaginary, i.e. the vision of technology development as a common good, the conceptualization of security in this three-dimensional space, and the existing regulations to ensure safety, security, and privacy standards [Chantal Lavallée, Associate Researcher, RegulAIR Project - Research Council of Norway]

Blood restriction and performance

This research focuses on the effects of muscle blood flow restriction associated with low intensity physical activities. The goal of such a project is to propose solutions to reduce the number of overweight (or obese) and/or muscle-injured CAF members, which would reduce the number of non-deployable CAF members. [Danialou, Gawiyou , PRACD]

The borders of the pandemic

This research aims to understand how the border institution will be redefined in the long term, through the advent of more flexible mechanisms of closure and openness, and how border practices will contribute to redefine and accentuate some mobilities and immobilities. From vaccine passports to migration routes, mobilities in the North and South will be permanently defined by the effects of the pandemic. Elisabeth Vallet, Senior Researcher, MINDS & CIC]

The intellectual training of officers in in contemporary Western military academies

Multidisciplinary in its approach, this research is articulated in the form of a fundamental reflection on the integration in officer training of intellectual skills such as cultural intelligence, critical thinking and general culture, in order to meet the new requirements resulting from the evolution of the operational and strategic environment in which the Western armed forces are currently evolving. [Danic Parenteau, Senior Researcher, PRACD]

Development of theoretical models describing the conductance of molecular electronic devices

Thanks to these new theoretical models describing the conductance of molecular electronic devices, new functionalities are identified and can thus be integrated into nanoscopic electronic circuits. This work also allows to deepen the understanding of the behavior of electrons during transport phenomena. [Alexandre Giguère, Principal Researcher, FRED]

Political and security issues of alternative citizen autonomous digital communication networks

The research focuses on practices of resistance to digital surveillance. The control of digital infrastructures and networks by resistance actors aims to ensure their independence and protection from state and commercial surveillance. The project seeks to understand the impact of these autonomous networks on the constitution of a democratic space, but also the consequences of these autonomous institutions on state security and the fragmentation of the Internet. [Simon Hogue, Principal Investigator, PRACD]

Defining humanitarian action in international law

Humanitarian action, which by definition aims to “save lives, alleviate suffering and preserve human dignity in the face of man-made crises and natural disasters” includes both the provision of humanitarian assistance and “protection” to achieve full respect for the rights of the individual in accordance with the relevant bodies of law. This research provides the first comprehensive critical account of international law as it relates to humanitarian action in peacetime and during armed conflict, integrating the architecture, actors, rules, principles and legal norms of the international humanitarian system. Marina Sharpe, Humanitarian Action in International Law - Contract with Oxford University Press]

Political violence and complexity

In the context of the war on terror and cyber attacks, influences on electoral processes and economic interference, global society is in a constant state of exception. Through the analysis of ruptures and the reorganization of the guiding principles articulating the conduct of political violence, the latter becomes a conceptual lens through which we capture systemic change and create a differentiated formulation of the international and the global. Integrated into this project is the establishment of a world observatory of grey zone conflicts. [André Simonyi, Research in Progress]

Quebec and Conscription (1917-1918): An investigation into the ethnicization of a crisis

This research focuses on the historical and socio-cultural dimensions of the first conscription crisis in Quebec. The approach taken will be comparative in nature, situating the Quebec case in the context of resistance to compulsory conscription in the rest of Canada and elsewhere in the world, amely in the other dominions of the British Empire. This should lead to a deeper understanding of the dynamics of insurrectionary popular uprisings, as well as their various underlying resistance tactics of resistance that accompany them. [Béatrice Richard, Research in Progress]


Christian Boudreault   FREDS 3000 $ 2019-2020
Alexandre Bradette   FREDS 5500 $ 2019-2020
Yann Breault La relation Russie-OTAN face au démantèlement du régime de limitation des arsenaux nucléaires PRACD 4580 $ 2020-2021
Anne Caumartin Strategic meetings for CRILCQ programming : Release from the teaching task Fonds de recherche du Québec 32 000 $
32 000 $
Anne Caumartin Strategic meetings for CRILCQ programming : Statutory supplement (cost of research work) Fonds de recherche du Québec 7000 $
7000 $
Bruno Charbonneau Repenser la sécurité et la défense à l’ère des changements climatiques MINDS 42 574 $ 2020-2021
Bruno Charbonneau Intervention and the Transformation of Sahelian States in the Context of Violent Extremism SSHRC 374 938 $ 2019-2023
Bruno Charbonneau   Centre FrancoPaix 20 000 $ 2019-2020
Bruno Charbonneau Intervention and the transformation of Sahelian States in the Context of Violent Extremism PRACD 5160 $
5020 $
Charles-Philippe Courtois Les journaux canadiens-français et la crise de la conscription, 1916-1919 PRACD 5215 $
5020 $
Gawiyou Danialou Blood Flow Restriction as a Novel Therapy for Treatment of overweight (obesity) PRACD 4000 $
4500 $
Gawiyou Danialou Blood Flow Restriction as a Novel Therapy for Treatment of overweight (obesity) STRD 4500 $ 2019-2020
Alexandre Giguère Modèle théorique d’un conducteur phononique FREDS 3000 $ 2019-2020
Simon Hogue Enjeux politiques et sécuritaires des réseaux de communication numériques autonomes alternatifs citoyens PRACD 2290 $ 2020-2021
Marc Imbeault Éthique des missions médicales à court terme PRACD 2875 $
3000 $
Marc Imbeault Cochercheur, L’extrême droite au Québec : Acteurs, idéologies et prévention CEFIR (304 253 $) 2019-2022
Chantal Lavallée The integration of drones in the Norwegian and European Airspaces Research Council of Norway 86 859 $
(1 762 750 $)
Denis Lavigne Developpement of course content on ebergy modelling with OSeMOSYS and LEAP PRACD 2000 $
Danic Parenteau Le développement de la culture générale dans la formation intellectuelle des élèves-officiers dans les académies militaires PRACD 2013 $
Laurence Piché Synthèse de latex conducteurs pour l’élaboration de peintures polymériques furtives PRACD 4200 $ 2020-2021
André Séguin   FREDS 1000 $ 2019-2020
Élisabeth Vallet Borders in Globalization SSHRC 59 250 $
(2 300 000 $)
Élisabeth Vallet Frontières et murs frontaliers SSHRC 178 937 $ 2019-2021
Élisabeth Vallet Cinéma documentaire et géopolitique SSHRC 45 000 $
(7000 $)
Élisabeth Vallet Les frontières à l’ère de la COVID MINDS 10 000 $ 2019-2021
Élisabeth Vallet Murs frontaliers et zones frontalières SSHRC 49 318 $ 2019-2021

Research disseminated in the scientific world

Refereed Conferences

BREAULT, Yann, Le retour de la Russie dans le multilatéralisme ?, École d’automne sur l’Union européenne - “ Face à la crise du Covid, repenser le multilatéralisme ”, Colloque international - Les Ateliers Schuman, Université Laval, 28 October 2020

CAUMARTIN, Anne, La discrimination familiale comme art nécessaire, Émergence des mythes contemporains, Arts, esthétique et politique, Congrès NeMLA, Boston University, Boston, U.S.A., 7 March 2020

CAUMARTIN, Anne, Engendrements de Tristesse. Les coups de revers des progressions en mineur, La modernité en revues, Pleins feux sur un siècle de revues québécoises, University of Ottawa, 29-30 May 2019

CAUMARTIN, Anne, Les morts n’en veulent pas aux vivants, Examen de la violence comme processus, Les sources de la violence, Mesures de la cruauté et de la méchanceté dans le discours littéraire, York University (in collaboration with University of Toronto and Ryerson University), 19 May 2019

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, La modernité de Vivre et le groulxisme des années 1930, La modernité en revues au Québec, University of Ottawa, 29-31 May 2019

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, La commémoration au Québec au XXe siècle : carrefour mémoriel et identitaire, UQAM, 22 May 2019

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, La pensée éducative de Lionel Groulx, La pensée éducative et les intellectuels au Québec : la génération 1875-1900, 6th annual symposium of the CRIPFE, Sheraton Center, Montreal, 26 April 2019

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, National Self-Determination in Quebec and the new world order of 1919-1920, Nationalism and Self-Determination, 29th ASEN, Annual Conference, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, 24 April 2019

DANIALOU, Gawiyou, Alexis Labrie-Pichette, Guillaume Montpetit, Alain Steve Comtois, David St-Pierre, Effects of Moringa Oleifera leaves on Body Weight, Experimental Biology annual meeting, San Diego, U.S.A., 4-7 April 2020

DJEBABLA, Mourad, Id., La difficile démobilisation des Canadiens en 1919 : la violence comme argument ultime, Et après? Les retours de la Grande Guerre, Institut de recherches historiques du Septentrion, Université de Lille, France, 13 June 2019

IMBEAULT, Marc, Dilemmes et enjeux éthiques des stages en santé mondiale : résultats préliminaires, Activités scientifiques en sciences de la santé, Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, 2020

IMBEAULT, Marc, Enjeux éthiques des missions médicales à court termes et éthique professionnelle militaire, Canadian Institute for Military and Veteran Health Research, Ottawa, 2020

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, Drones in the European airspace: Towards New Civil-Military Synergies, EUSA International Biennial Conference, Denver Colorado, U.S.A., 10 May 2019

LUMMACK, Robert, The Human Element of Complex Systems: Using a Structurationist Version of Complexity to understand Combatant Influence at the Tactical Level of War, 2020 Workshop on Engineering Applications (WEA), Bogotá, Colombia, October 7-9 2020

LUMMACK, Robert, Understanding Tactical Level Agency in Donbass Conflict, European Research Group on Military an d Society, Lisbon, Portugal, 17-21 2019

MONDÉLICE, Mulry, The UN and the Haiti Cholera Case: Articulating the Rule of Law, Immunities and Responsibility of International Organizations in International Law, Hague Academy of International Law, Zoom, 22 February 2021

MONDÉLICE, Mulry, Repenser Haïti dans la diplomatie promouvant un droit global dans une société internationale en mutation, Haitian Studies Association, 32nd Annual Conference, Nou La Pi Rèd! Embodying a New Praxis, Zoom, 10 October 2020

MONDÉLICE, Mulry, Rapporteur du Groupe de travail sur les défis migratoires pour le XXI° siècle, XXXV° Congrès de l’Institut international de droit d’expression et d’inspiration françaises (IDEF) sur les migrations internationales, Cairo, 23 April 2019

MONDÉLICE, Mulry, Les migrations dans et depuis la Caraïbe, XXXV° Congrès de l’IDEF sur les migrations internationales, Cairo, 22 April 2019

SHARPE, Marina, Oxford Handbook of International Refugee Law authors workshop, regional regimes: Africa, All Souls College, University of Oxford, Oxford, 2019

VALLET, Élisabeth, Ceuta et Melila: Les murs face aux migrations, International conference : journées internationales sur la Méditerranée et le Moyen-Orient de SciencePo Grenoble, Grenoble, France, 30 November 2019


CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Consultation workshop, Peace and Stabilization Operations Bureau (IDR), Global Affairs Canada, On the Canadian Assistance Policy in Mali, 20 October 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Expert Consultation provided to two researchers from Saferworld (British NGO) on counter-terrorism and the European Union in the Sahel, 26 August 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Expert Consultation provided to two researchers from CGIAR on climate security, 26 August 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Expert Consultation provided to a researcher on the Sahel and MINUSMA, International Peace Institute, 11 August 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Consultation, presentation of the report, UN Peacekeeping Review Team, 23 and 25 June 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Consultation (conference call) on MINUSMA (Mali) for Global Affairs Canada (PSOPs), 7 February 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno Consultation, Conference call on SDG’s statistical model (TOSSD), OECD (Paris), 26 April 2019

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Open discussion between military members and academics, 2nd Division, BGen. Jeannie Carrigan, Montreal Garrison, 27 June 2019

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Consultation, workshops, training groups, Regional UN Service Center in Entebbe, Ouganda, 5-6 November 2019 (invited by Floke Barnadotte Academy, Government of Sweden).

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Open discussion between military members and academics, 2nd Division, BGen. Gervais Carpentier, Montreal Garrison, 10 December 2019

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, Duplessis est encore en vie, Pierre Berthelot, published in 2021

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, Le piège des langues officielle, Québec et minorités francophones dos à dos, Éric Poirier, to be published in 2021

IMBEAULT, Marc, Member of the PhD Strategic Leadership Development Committee, Caribbean Military Academy, Jamaica Defense Force and University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica, 2019-2020

IMBEAULT, Marc, Board member and Executive Committee member of the Association canadienne d’éducation des adultes des universités de langue française, 2019-2020

IMBEAULT, Marc, Member of the Graduate Program Committee on world health, Unité de recherche et d’enseignement en sciences de la santé, Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, since Juanuary 2019

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, European Commission, DG HOME, Virtual work group : Community of Users Workshop- Innovative Solutions to Mitigate UAS risk, 10 November 2020

PARENTEAU, Danic, Member of the Jury in the non-fiction category, Ottawa Book Awards

SHARPE, Marina, Global Canada, technical writer (one of several) of ‘Reframing Canada’s Global Strategy for 2020 and Beyond’, a report by 13 experts and led by Robert Greenhill of Global Canada and Jennifer Welsh of McGill University, 2020

SHARPE, Marina, UNICEF (AU Liaison Office), background paper to inform UNICEF’s engagement with the AU’s year of refugees, returnees and IDPs, 2019

VALLET, Élisabeth, The US–Mexico Border Project –2019 – Exhibit Catalogue of the artist Susan Harbage Page, Gregg Museum of Art & Design – Raleigh, North Carolina

VALLET, Élisabeth, Les murs du désordre – Martin Bureau, Cinémathèque québécoise, vernissage 11 January 2019 – conference 21 February 2019

VALLET, Élisabeth, Presentation before the Port of Montreal’s Board of Directors, March 2021

VALLET, Élisabeth, Presentation before Hydro-Quebec’s Board of Directors, February 2021

VALLET, Élisabeth, Geopolitical Panel, Association des économistes québécois, Symposium, 28 November 2019


CLERMONT, Francis, Éthique et Intégrité dans la profession des armes, Training workshops and seminars, Directorate of Military Training and Cooperation, Grand Bassam, Ivory Coast, March 2017; Bogota, Colombia, October 2017, Commissioned by the Directorate of Military Training and Cooperation, National Defence


Conferences Without Committee

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, The Future of Barkhane in the Sahel, Round Table, RAND Corporation, 4 March 2021

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Contre-terrorisme et maintien de la paix, Réseau d’analyse stratégique, Montreal, 22 January 2021

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Renforcement des capacités, L'ordre international fracturé : Implications pour la défense du Canada, Réseau d’analyse stratégique, Ottawa, 10-11 December 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Région du Sahel : enjeux humains, économiques, éducatifs et de sécurité, Institut d’études internationales de Montréal, UQAM, 9 November 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Rethinking security interventions in the Sahel, Turning the authoritarian tide: strategies for transforming securitisation, Saferworld, 28 October 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Maintien de la paix et gouvernance post-conflit, International Forum on Peace, Security and Prosperity 2021, Webinar, 23 October 2020 (second part in February 2021)

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Contre-insurrection et contre-terrorisme, Réseau d’analyse stratégique, Webinar 16 October 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Climate Security in the Sahel, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Webinar, 3 September 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Covid and International Security, Canadian International Council & The Bill Graham Centre, Webinar, 28 April 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, The Imperial Legacies of Peacebuilding, Postwar Colloquium, Kent State University, USA, 20-21 February 2020.

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Protection of Civilians, International Law and UN Peacekeeping, Regional UN Service Center in Entebbe, Ouganda, 5-6 November 2019 (invited by Floke Barnadotte Academy, Government of Sweden)

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Pathways to a Positive Trajectory in the Sahel, US Department of State Bureau of Intelligence and Research & the National Intelligence Council, Washington DC, 15 August 2019

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, West African Security Challenges, Canadian Forces College, Toronto, 7 May 2019

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Lessons from the Sahel, CDA Institute, Ottawa conference on Security and Defence, Ottawa, 12-13 February 2019

CLERMONT, Francis, Savoir naviguer dans les eaux troubles de la complexité. Éthique et réflexivité de l’agir transformationnel, HEC Montréal, Université de Montréal, MBA Course: Changer, webinar, 2 septembre 2020

CLERMONT, Francis, Éthique et conformité, Programme de certification en éthique et conformité, École des dirigeants, HEC Montréal, Module-Le leadership authentique, 18 septembre 2020

DJEBABLA, Mourad, D’un armistice à l’autre : les mémoires antagonistes franco-allemandes du 11 novembre (1918-1940), La conférence des peuples : les héritages transnationaux de 1919, Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, 7 November 2019

HOGUE, Simon, Surveillance électronique, les applications de traçage et la COVID-19 : analyse de la situation, CIC Montreal, CRITIC and Montreal Institute for Genocide and Civil Rights Studies, Webinar, 30 June 2020

HOGUE, Simon, L’application de traçage des contacts de Google et Apple dans la lutte contre la COVID-19 : protection de la vie privée et gouvernance néolibérale, Launch of the scientific season of the Centre international de criminologie comparée, Montreal, 29 October 2020

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, The Public: Responsibilities and Responses, High-Level International Conference on countering the threats posed by unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), European Commission, Brussels, Belgium, 17 October 2019

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, The Societal Concerns, European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) High-level Conference on Drones, Drone Week, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 5 December 2019

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, Quel avenir pour le multilatéralisme, l’Union européenne et la diplomatie des sommets face aux enjeux de sécurité ?, École d’automne sur l’UE sur Face à la crise de la COVID-19, repenser le multilatéralisme, Chaire Jean Monnet en intégration européenne, Université Laval, online conference, 28 October 2020

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, Societal Concerns on Drone Integration in the EU, EuroMaster European Security and Counter-Terrorism, IES, VUB, Brussels, online conference, 10 December 2020

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, The European Union’s two-fold multilateralism in crisis mode: Towards a global response to COVID-19, Leadersphère 2021: L’ère COVID-19: An 1, Royal Military College Saint-Jean, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, online conference, 11 February 2021

MONDÉLICE, Mulry, Participant in the seminar : Une approche « par crise » des migrations internationales : la crise de la Covid-19, renforcement ou rupture ?, Université Laval, Zoom, 12 February 2021

MONDÉLICE, Mulry, Les relations Union européenne – CARIFORUM : une dynamique institutionnelle servant un partenariat dans un contexte complexe, 8th edition of the École d’automne de la Chaire Jean Monnet et du Cercle Europe - L’Union européenne et les espaces d’intégration régionale – enjeux commerciaux et au-delà- Québec, Université Laval, Québec, 31 October 2019

MONDÉLICE, Mulry, Les Accords ACP-au-delà des échanges commerciaux : permanences et tendances nouvelles de la conditionnalité démocratique, 8th edition of the École d’automne de la Chaire Jean Monnet et du Cercle Europe - L’Union européenne et les espaces d’intégration régionale – enjeux commerciaux et au-delà- Québec, Université Laval, Québec, 30 October 2019

MONDÉLICE, Mulry, The role of law in society, Department of Law and Legal Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa, 27 May 2019

PARENTEAU, Danic, Cultural competence as part of a new organizational culture within the armed forces, Coping with Culture: Culture in times of geo-political challenges, Hambourg, Germany, 2019

PARENTEAU, Danic, On becoming an officer: the education of officership in contemporary liberal democracies, International Military Academic Forum (iMAF), Reichenau-an-der-Rax, Austria, 2019

PARENTEAU, Ian, Military Academies Networks : Opportunities and Challenges, Association of Military Colleges and Schools (AMCSUS) Senior Military College (SMC) Annuel Conference, Norwich University, Northfield, VT, September 2019


CLERMONT, Francis, Briser les barrières et rapprocher les intervenants. Symposium on Systems thinking and design, Canadian Forces College, Royal Military College Saint-Jean, 11-12 April 2017

LUMMACK, Robert, Why Militaries need to Understand the WPS Agenda, Innovative Methodologies for Defence Challenges, St. Paul University, CMRSJ, CNSS, CFC, CIPS, January 31st 2018

LUMMACK, Robert, Elsie Initiative Workshop, (Co-Facilitator - Technical Assistance and Training Breakout Group), Global Affairs Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, 2018

LUMMACK, Robert, Systems Thinking, National Security Programme, Canadian Forces College, 2018

LUMMACK, Robert, Teaching Systems Thinking and Design to Senior NCMs, Breaking Down Silos and Connecting Stakeholders: A Symposium on Systems Thinking and Design, Royal Military College, Saint-Jean/Center for National Security Studies, 2017

Public Conferences

BREAULT, Yann, La Russie et son rôle de superpuissance énergétique, conférence offerte dans le cadre du cours Relations internationales : puissance, rivalités, anarchie, Collège Jean de Brébeuf, Montreal, 26 February 2021

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe Conférence, Le nouvel ordre mondial de 1919-1920 et le nationalisme québécois, Bibliothèque Gaston-Miron, Université Sorbonne-Nouvelle, Paris, 17 October 2019

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, Du nationalisme canadien-français au nationalisme québécois, 1917-1967, présenté dans le cadre du séminaire de master en histoire de Jean-Noël Grandhomme, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, 16 octobre 2019

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, Du nationalisme canadien-français au nationalisme québécois, 1917-1967, presented to history graduate students upon invitation of proffesors François Audigier and Julie d’Andurain, Université de Lorraine, Metz, 15 October 2019

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, Lionel Groulx, 1878-1967 » : 3e Conférence « Grandes figures de notre histoire : le siècle de la Révolution tranquille, Grande bibliothèque, Montreal, 1er December 2020

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, Lionel Groulx, père de la Révolution tranquille ?, Société d’histoire de Longueuil, 19 October 2020

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, Round table on the last issue of the journal Argument : « La mémoire mise à mal ». Librairie le Livre voyageur, Montreal, 5 December 2019

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, Lionel Groulx, père du nationalisme québécois moderne ?, Bibliothèque Armand-Frappier, Cégep de Valleyfield, 18 November 2019

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, La pensée du chanoine Groulx, Les rendez-vous d’histoire, Chapelle du Musée de l’Amérique française, Québec, 18 August 2019

PARENTEAU, Danic, La montée du populisme en Occident. Le peuple contre l’élite, Conference as part of the training activities of the Université du Troisième âge (Université de Sherbrooke), Sorel-Tracy, Canada, 2019

PARENTEAU, Ian, Où sont passés les électeurs Les raisons idéologiques de l’absentéisme électoral, Université du Troisième-âge, Chambly, March 2020

SHARPE, Marina, Refugee protection, Rotary Club of Westmount, Zoom, 2020

SHARPE, Marina, Refugee protection, Women’s Canadian Club of Montreal, 2020

SHARPE, Marina, Special segment on refugee protection, Pan-African Parliament, Midrand, 2019


VALLET, Élisabeth, Un scrutin crucial à l'épreuve du Trumpisme, Les États-Unis à l'heure du choix : entre conservatisme républicain et pragmatisme démocrate, CEMRA (ILCEA4), Université Grenoble Alpes, 22 October 2020 (online conference)

VALLET, Élisabeth, COVID-19 and Borders: North American Borders, Trust, and the Coronavirus, Centre for Global Studies, University of Victoria, 15 April 2020 (online conference)

VALLET, Élisabeth, North American Borders and the COVID-19 Crisis, School of Transborder Studies, Arizona State University, États-Unis, 2 April 2020 (online conference)

VALLET, Élisabeth, Border Wall Proliferation and Circumvention Strategies, Walls, Borders, and Partitions in Global Perspective, University of Richmond, États-Unis, 28 February 2020

VALLET, Élisabeth, La Desoccidentalización en el Mundo, Colegio del Estado del Hidalgo, Mexique, 29 November 2019 (online conference)

VALLET, Élisabeth, More Walls in a Borderless World: Framing Past and Present Discussions on Walls, Barriers, Bodies and Ideas: The Politics of Walls and Fences From the Berlin Wall to the Trump Wall, Kent State University, Ohio, États-Unis, 15 November 2019

VALLET, Élisabeth, The State of America : La société américaine d'aujourd'hui et les implications pour le Canada et le monde, AmCham Canada Québec Chapter & la Chaire Raoul-Dandurand, Le Club Mont-Royal, 19 November 2019

VALLET, Élisabeth, Peut-on composer avec un allié américain à la gouverne irrationnelle ?, 2nd Edition of Le Monde Festival avec Le Devoir, Montreal, 25 October 2019

VALLET, Élisabeth, Murs et migrations, Forum du projet de coopération internationale Morts en contexte migratoire, UQAM, 1 May 2019

Published Research

Book Chapters

DJEBABLA, Mourad. Women’s war: engaging Canadian housewives in the food economy in 1914–1918, in John Griffiths, Communication and the First World War, New York, Routledge, 2020, p. 155-169

DJEBABLA, Mourad. Dans l’ombre de l’effort de guerre alimentaire canadien (1914–1918) : les profiteurs de guerre ou « Boches du terroir », in Olivier Dard, Jens Ivo Engels and Frédéric Monier, L'argent immoral et les profiteurs de guerre à l'époque contemporaine (1870-1945), Brussels, Peter Lang, 2020, p. 199-220

GIRARD, Annick. Sound Travesty and Music Reversed: Miley Cyrus’s Parody on the Web, in Enrique Encabo, My Kind of Sound, Popular music and Audiovisual Culture, Newcastle, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2021, p. 50-59

HOGUE, Simon, David Grondin. Pour une analyse critique du risque, in Adib Bencherif, Frédéric Mérand, L’analyse du risque politique, Montreal, Les Presses de l’Université de Montréal, 2021, p. 181-200

LAVALLÉE, Chantal. Raluca Csernatoni. Drones and Artificial Intelligence: The EU’s Smart Governance in Emerging Technologies, in Raluca Csernatoni, Antonio Calcara et Chantal Lavallée, Emerging Security Technologies and EU Governance, Routledge Studies in Conflict, Technology and Security Series, New York, Routledge, 2020, p. 206-223

LAVALLÉE, Chantal. Raluca Csernatoni and Antonio Calcara. Introduction: Emerging Security Technologies: An Uncharted Field for the EU, in Raluca Csernatoni, Antonio Calcara et Chantal Lavallée, Emerging Security Technologies and EU Governance, Routledge Studies in Conflict, Technology and Security Series, New York, Routledge, 2020, p .1-22

LEGAULT, Roch. Le R22eR, d’une identité à une stratégie? », in Marc Imbeault and Richard J. Evraire, Le Royal 22e Régiment sur tous les fronts, Kingston, Ontario, Canadian Defence Academy Press, 2020, p. 112-117

MONDÉLICE, Mulry. Les relations Union européenne-Caraïbe au-delà des échanges commerciaux : un partenariat évolutif dans un contexte complexe, in DELAS, Olivier, Les relations économiques internationales à l’heure de la nouvelle route de la soie, Brussels, Bruylant, 2020, p. 199-233

PARENTEAU, Danic. Cultural intelligence as part of an officers’ virtue, in Kjetil Enstad and Paula Holmes-Eber, Warriors or Peacekeepers? Building Military Cultural Competence, Berlin, Germany, Springer, 2020, p. 11-21

SHARPE, Marina. Regional Refugee Regimes: Africa, in Cathryn Costello, Michelle Foster & Jane McAdam, The Oxford Handbook of International Refugee Law, Oxford University Press, 2021

VALLET, Élisabeth, Noam Chomsky et la politique étrangère américaine, in N. Baillargeon, Mélanges en l’honneur de Noam Chomsky, 2019

VALLET, Élisabeth, Preface, in Élisa Ganivet, Border Wall Aesthetics, Transcript, 2019, p.7-10


Scientific Articles

CAUMARTIN, Anne, Je ne t’aime pas encore. Mais attends-moi. J’arrive. : l’horizon de l’aveu d’impuissance dans La femme qui fuit de Anaïs Barbeau-Lavalette, Revue @nalyses, Dossier - La Claque. Violence et résilience en littérature québécoise contemporain, (14) 2, p. 5-19

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, The COVID-19 Test of the United Nations Security Council, International Journal, online first (76) 1, 2021

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Privileged Sphere of Comparison: Empire, Methods and Conflict Intervention, Civil Wars, (21) 4, p. 514-538

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Adam Sandor, Power and Comparative Methods: Performing the Worlds of Armed Conflicts, Civil Wars, (21) 4, p. 437-447 October 2019

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Intervention as Counterinsurgency Politics. Conflict, Security and Development, Special Forum on Intervention, (19) 3, p. 309-314

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, It is Not About Peace: UN Peacekeeping and Perpetual War. International Peacekeeping, Special Forum on Peacekeeping and Multipolar Global Order, (26) 5, p. 531-535

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Faire la paix au Mali : les limites de l’acharnement contre-terroriste, Canadian Journal of African Studies / Revue canadienne des études africaines, (53) 3, p. 447-462

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Mali : les défis de la résolution des conflits, Canadian Journal of African Studies / Revue canadienne des études africaines, (53) 3, p. 403-414

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, Conmemoraciones historicas nacionales y identidad quebecense : Análisis de una ausencia, Guillemette Martin and Valeria Sancez Michel (dir.), « Conmemoración e historia. Una mirada crítica », Istor. Revista de historia internacional (journal with an anonymous Review Board), vol. XXI, no 82, Autumn 2020, p. 59-78

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, La dimension nationalitaire du mouvement patriote du Bas-Canada: réplique à la note critique de Louis-Georges Harvey, Recherches sociographiques, (60) 1, January-April 2019, p. 179-182

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, Damien-Claude Bélanger : Thomas Chapais, historien Ottawa University Press, 2018, 234 p. – recension », Histoire sociale / Social History, (53) 109, November 2020, Ottawa, p. 668-670.

DANIALOU, Gawiyou, D. E. Andrich, L. Melbouci, Y. Ou, N. Auclair, J. Mercier, J.C. Grenier, F.S. Lira, L.B. Barreiro, A.S. Comtois, J.C. Lavoie, D. H. St-Pierre, A Short-Term High-Fat Diet Alters Glutathione Levels and IL-6 Gene Expression in Oxidative Skeletal Muscles of Young Rats, Front. Physiol, eCollection, 2019

IMBEAULT, Marc, La violence contre soi-même dans le terrorisme contemporain, Frontières, (31) 1, 2019

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, The European Union’s two-fold multilateralism in crisis mode: Towards a global response to COVID-19, International Journal, 12 February 2021

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, Frédéric Mérand, Massimiliano Mulone, Samuel Tanner, Les pratiques hybrides de sécurité. Le cas des multinationales du secteur de l’extraction dans les États faibles, Études internationales, (49) 3, p. 594-616

LEGAULT, Roch, Cacher cette surprise que je ne saurais voir : La surprise dans l’art et la pratique de la guerre au XVIIIe siècle, Cahiers d’Agora : revue en humanités, (1) 2, 2019

MONDELICE, Mulry, Building on International Law and Diplomacy to Explore a Legal Policy for Change in Haiti, Journal of International Organizations Studies, January 2021

MONDELICE, Mulry, Costa, Jean-Paul, Delas, Olivier, Leuprecht, Peter, Plouffe-Malette, Kristine, L’apport de la CEDH à l’encadrement de la justice militaire sur le fondement des exigences de l’État de droit : entre humanisation et civilisation, La Convention européenne des droits de l’homme a 70 ans, Revue québécoise de droit international, Special Issue, December 2020

MONDÉLICE, Mulry, Louis Joinet : un expert indépendant pour Haïti, Hommages du Centre de recherche sur les droits de l’homme et le droit humanitaire à Louis Joinet, Revue Droits fondamentaux, (18), 2020

MONDÉLICE, Mulry, Explorer la contribution des institutions nationales des droits de l’homme et de l’ombudsman à l’appropriation des valeurs visant une meilleure gouvernance dans les relations entre l’Union européenne et la Communauté des États Latino-américains et de la Caraïbe, La Caraïbe et ses relations avec l’Amérique Latine et l’Europe, (42), 2019, p. 1- 40

MONDÉLICE, Mulry, Promoting Diversity in a Challenging World, The Salvationist, October 2020

SHARPE, Marina, The Supervision (or Not) of the 1969 OAU Refugee Convention, International Journal of Refugee Law, (31), 2019, p. 261-289

SHARPE, Marina, Robert Greenhill, Lester B Pearson’s Road to Development, Canadian Foreign Policy Journal, (25), 2019, p. 19-38

VALLET, Élisabeth, How Informality can Address Emerging Issues: Making the most of the G7, Global Policy, (10) 2, mai 2019, p. 267-273

VALLET, Élisabeth, Vincent Boucher and Christophe Cloutier, Frontiérités Québécoises : Représentations de la zone transfrontalière québéco-américaine au Congrès des États-Unis, 2001-2016, Canadian Geographer, (63) 1, 2019, p. 27-42


Articles Without Reading Committee

BREAULT, Yann, La logique changeante de la course russo-américaine aux armes nucléaires, Diplomatie, Les grands dossiers, (57), July-August 2020, p. 84-86

BREAULT, Yann, From “Soft Power” to “Sharp Power” in Times of Pandemic, COVID-19 and the Future of Global Order, Centre for Security and Crisis Governance, 2020, p. 30-31

BREAULT, Yann, Jean-Samuel Houle, L’effritement du régime de limitation des arsenaux stratégiques, Observatoire de l’Eurasie, notes de recherche no 3, Centre d’Étude sur l’intégration et la mondialisation, July 2020, p. 26

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Jonathan Sears, Canada must rethink its strategy for aid to Mali, The Hill Times, 7 September 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Christian Leuprecht, The UN keeps snubbing Canada’s international policy. When will we hear its message?, Globe & Mail, 18 June 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Chantal Lavallée, Introduction : COVID-19 and the Future of Global Order, COVID-19 and the Future of Global Order, CRITIC, 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Le Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies et le test de la COVID-19, COVID-19 and the Future of Global Order, CRITIC, 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, The United Nations Security Council Fails the Covid-19 Test, Inside Policy, Macdonald Laurier Institute, 10 September 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Sahel: la gouvernance contre-insurrectionnelle, Bulletin FrancoPaix, (5) 1, January 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, The Imperial Legacy in Scholarship, Africa is a Country, 22 October 2019

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Daniel Eizenga, Que fait l’armée américaine au Sahel?, Les Grands Dossiers de Diplomatie, (50), April-May 2019

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Faire la paix au Mali : les limites de l’acharnement contre-terroriste, Le Monde Afrique, 27 March 2019

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, The Military Intervention in Mali and Beyond: An Interview with Bruno Charbonneau, Oxford Research Group, 28 March 2019

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Le Mali, épicentre de l’instabilité au Sahel, Les Grands Dossiers de Diplomatie, L’état des conflits, (48), December-January 2019

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, La mémoire mise à jour, ou mise à mal ?, Argument, (22) 1, winter 2019-2020

COURTOIS, Charles-Philippe, Les pionniers de la Nouvelle-France, Le Figaro Histoire, August-September 2019, (45), p. 56-67

HOGUE, Simon, Le pouvoir des «Little Brothers»: la surveillance et le futur de la démocratie, dans Bruno Charbonneau et Chantal Lavallée, COVID-19 and the Future of Global Order, CRITIC, p. 12-13

IMBEAULT, Marc, Le « paradoxe politique » aujourd’hui, The Blue Knight Review, 2020

IMBEAULT, Marc, L’extrême droite dans l’armée au Canada et au Québec, The Blue Knight Review, 2021

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, L’Union européenne dans tous ses états, COVID-19 and the Future of Global Order, Bruno Charbonneau and Chantal Lavallée, 2020, p. 19-20.


LAVALLÉE, Chantal, The European Union in Times of Crisis, COVID-19 and the Future of Global Order edited by Bruno Charbonneau and Chantal Lavallée, 2020, p. 17-18

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, 2020, Bruno Oliveira Martins, Andrea Silkoset, Drones in Times of Pandemic: Caution behind the Hype, Global Policy, 22 April 2020

LAVALLÉE, Chantal 2019, The New EU Policy on Civil Drones: A Paradigm Shift for European Airspace, PRIO Policy Brief (Peace Research Institute Oslo, PRIO), (5), 2020

MONDÉLICE, Mulry, Humanitarian Action at the Time of Covid-19: Between Reaffirmation of Multilateralism and Challenges for Coherence / L’action humanitaire au temps de Covid-19: entre réaffirmation du multilatéralisme et enjeux de coherence, COVID-19 and the Future of Global Order, Centre for Security and Crisis Governance, 2020

SHARPE, Marina, No Coming Back? The Lawfulness of Restrictions on Canadians Flying to Canada, in Bruno Charbonneau and Chantal Lavallée, COVID-19 and the Future of Global Order, Centre for Security and Crisis Governance, 2020

SHARPE, Marina, The Free Movement of Persons within the African Union and Refugee Protection,, 2020

SHARPE, Marina, Tsion Abebe, Allehone Abebe, After 50 Years, Africa’s Refugee Policy Still Leads, ISS Today, 2019

VALLET, Élisabeth, Laurence Brassard, Gabrielle Gagnon, Mathilde Bourgeon, La pandémie et l’asymétrie de la frontière, L’état du Québec 2021, Del Busso éditeur, 2020

VALLET, Élisabeth, Muro, Decima Appendice dell’ Enciclopedia Italiana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Roma 2020, (2), p.138-141

VALLET, Élisabeth, Les cartes ne sont que discours, Revue Liberté, winter 2021, (329), p.62–64

VALLET, Élisabeth, Frontiere, muri e nuove barriere, Atlante geopolitico mondiale, Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Roma, 2020

VALLET, Élisabeth, La démocratie est en péril, Châtelaine, 2 September 2020

VALLET, Élisabeth, Frédérique Verreault, La nomination des juges à la Cour Suprême: un enjeu majeur de la société américaine de demain, Les Grands Dossiers de Diplomatie, (50), April-May 2019, p.14-15

VALLET, Élisabeth, Trump et la théâtralisation de la frontière québéco-américaine, L’état du Québec 2019, Institut du Nouveau Monde, Del Busso éditeur, 2019, p.235-242

Special Issues of Magazines

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, COVID-19 and Global Order, Special Forum, International Journal, 2021

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Adam Sandor, The Politics of Comparing Armed Conflicts, Civil Wars, (21) 4, 2019

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Mali: les défis de la résolution des conflits, Canadian Journal of African Studies / Revue canadienne des études africaines, (53) 3, 2019

MONDELICE, Mulry, Costa, Jean-Paul, Delas, Olivier, Leuprecht, Peter, Plouffe-Malette, Kristine, La Convention européenne des droits de l’homme a 70 ans, Revue québécoise de droit international, Numéro spécial, December 2020.

Research Reports

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Terrorism and Counterterrorism in the Trans-Sahel Region, Commissioned Paper for US Government agency, via Centra Technology Inc, 2020

CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Stabilization and UN Peacekeeping, UN Peacekeeping Review Team (group lead by Jennifer Welsh, McGill University), 2020

DANIALOU, Gawiyou, Quinn S, Andrich DE, Dufresne M, Ruiz M, Grenier JC, Comtois AS, Bergdahl A, Scheede-Bergdahl, St-Pierre DH, A short-term high-fat diet promptly alters lipid metabolism in the skeletal muscle of young rats, Sainte-Justine CHU Research Center Graduate Student Symposium, Montreal, Canada, May 2019

DANIALOU, Gawiyou, Andrich DE, Quinn S, Melbouci L, Ou Y, Mercier J, Grenier JC, Lira FS, Barreiro LB, Comtois AS, Lavoie JC and St-Pierre DH, The effects of a short-term high-fat diet on glutathione levels and inflammation in oxidative skeletal muscles of young rats, 6th Annual Research Conference of the Perform Center, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada, May 2019

DANIALOU, Gawiyou, Quinn S, Andrich DE, Dufresne M, Ruiz M, Grenier JC, Comtois AS, Bergdahl A, Scheede-Bergdahl, St-Pierre D, A short-term high-fat diet alters lipid metabolism in the skeletal muscle of young rats, 6th Annual Research Conference of the Perform Center, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada, May 2019

IMBEAULT, Marc, Oumar Sallé Samb, Dilemmes et enjeux éthiques des stages en santé mondiale, rapport de recherche déposé auprès de l’Unité d’enseignement et de recherche en sciences de la santé de l’UQAT, 2020, 50 p.

SHARPE, Marina, Tsion Abebe, Allehone Abebe, Complementarity: The 1969 OAU Refugee, Convention and The Global Compact on Refugees, ISS & UNHCR, 2019,

SHARPE, Marina, Tsion Abebe, Allehone Abebe, The 1969 OAU Refugee Convention at 50, ISS & UNHCR, 2019



and al.

Emerging Security Technologies and EU Governance

The emergence of technologies has sparked debates around the world about their use, risks and benefits. This volume examines how new and emerging security technologies are regulated in practice in the European Union.

and al.

Borders and Border Walls : insecurity, symbolism, vulnerabilities

This book addresses the recent evolution of borders around the world as an attempt to control transnational movements in order to “secure” borders rooted in the need to control mobility and preserve national identities.

L’Histoire nationale du Québec : entre bon-ententisme et nationalisme

Advocating both a chronological and thematic approach from 1832 to the present, this book examines the ideological duality that has colored the creation of school curricula and textbooks, and the quarrel between the historiographic schools of Quebec and Montreal.


Le Royal 22e Régiment sur tous les fronts

This book focuses on à la Maison-Blanche the history and future of the Royal 22e, which has played an important role in the history of Canada and Quebec and which is now undergoing a transformation in the image of Canadian society.

and al.

Les reculs en relations internationales - Comment Trump a changé le monde

The Trump presidency has been atypical. It has clearly been a turning point in the history of American leadership. This book examines its legacies in international relations, those that will prove ephemeral, and those that are likely to be irreversible.

Comprendre les élections présidentielles américaines – La course à la Maison-Blanche

The conquest of the White House is a saga that absorbs astronomical sums of money and stirs up the brackish waters of the candidates’ past. It is followed, like the Hunger Games, like a television series where only the most cunning, the most connected, the most affluent survive.


Research in Networks

RMC Saint-Jean researchers also participate in networked research projects and serve on committees of prestigious journals and scientific committees of academic institutions around the world.

Research Networks

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, Réseau d’analyse stratégique (RAS), funded by Mobilizing Insights in Defence and Security (MINDS), coordonated by Stéfanie von Hlatky (Queen’s) and Justin Massie (UQAM), 2020.

LAVALLÉE, Chantal, Transnational Academic Network for the Study of Armed Drones (TRANSAD), funded by Open Society Foundations and coordonated by Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), 2018-2020

VALLET, Élisabeth, Member of the Scientific Committee, Chaire Raoul-Dandurand en études stratégiques et diplomatiques de l’UQAM

VALLET, Élisabeth, Association for Borderland Studies, Bord member.

VALLET, Élisabeth, Direction de l’antenne québécoise (“Quebec Lead”) - Borders in Globalization – Netword funded by the SSHRC

SHARPE, Marina, Membre invité, UNHCR’s Global Academic Interdisciplinary Network


SHARPE, Marina, Member of the Editorial Committee, International Journal of Refugee Law

SIMONYI, André, Member of the Editorial Committee, Journal de l’armée canadienne – Canadienne Army Journal

VALLET, Élisabeth, Member of the Editorial Committee, Journal of Borderland Studies, Routledge

VALLET, Élisabeth, Member of the Editorial Committee, Geopolitics, Routledge

VALLET, Élisabeth, Member of the Editorial Committee, Politique américaine, L’Harmattan

VALLET, Élisabeth, Member of the Scientific Committee, New International Insights/Nouveaux Regards sur l’International, Peter Lang

VALLET, Élisabeth, Co-director of the Collection Enjeux contemporains aux Presses de l’Université du Québec


Research in the Media

Frequently quoted in the media in Quebec, Canada, the United States and Europe, RMC Saint-Jean researchers are also called upon to write columns and are solicited for their expertise in the television and radio media.


Indicative List

BREAULT, Yann, Navalny, retour en Russie et arrestation, interview with Anne-Marie Dussault, 24/60, RDI, 18 janvier 2020

BREAULT, Yann, Alexeï Navalny: après le poison, la prison, interview with Annabelle Caillon, Le Devoir, 18 janvier 2020

BREAULT, Yann, Intensification du conflit dans le Haut-Karabakh, interview with Michel Desautels, Desautels le dimanche, Ici Première, 18 octobre 2020

BREAULT, Yann, Alexei Navalny, empoisonné par le Kremlin?, interview with Anne-Marie Dussault, 24/60, RDI, 20 août 2020

BREAULT, Yann, Marche monstre contre Loukashenko, interview with Sébastien Desrosiers, L’info, Ici RDI, 16 août 2020

DJEBABLA, Mourad, On 24 september 2020, interviewed by the production team of KOTV on the topic of the First World War in preparation of a documentary serie intitled Sur ta rue to be broadcast in April 2021 on Canal D

HOGUE, Simon, The posponed launch of the COVID-19 tracing application, intervention on the radio show Région zéro 8, Ici Première, Radio-Canada, 2 July 2020

HOGUE, Simon, The posponed launch of the COVID-19 tracing application, intervention on the radio show Jonction 11-17, Ici Première, Radio-Canada, 2 July 2020

HOGUE, Simon, The launch of the federal tracing app undefinatly posponed, intervention on the radio show L’heure de pointe Toronto/Windsor, Ici Première, Radio-Canada, 2 July 2020

HOGUE, Simon, The posponed launch of the COVID-19 tracing application, intervention on the radio show La croisée, Ici Première, Radio-Canada, 2 July 2020

HOGUE, Simon, The posponed launch of the COVID-19 tracing application, intervention on the radio show Boulevard du Pacifique, Ici Première, Radio-Canada, 2 July 2020

VALLET, Élisabeth, Le Devoir – Cahier Perspectives (32 columns)

VALLET, Élisabeth, Plus on est de fous plus on lit, Radio-Canada (6 columns)

VALLET, Élisabeth, Dessine-moi un dimanche, Radio-Canada – Chronique géopolitique (23 columns)

VALLET, Élisabeth, La colère des peuples, Le téléjournal 22h, 17 December 2019

VALLET, Élisabeth, États-Unis : trop peu, trop tard ?, Tout le monde en parle, Radio-Canada, 12 April 2020

VALLET, Élisabeth, RDI Special broadcast (election debates and evening – September 2020 to January 2021) with Patrice Roy for the special broadcast on ICI RDI

VALLET, Élisabeth, 2020 will mark us all, for the rest of our lives, Boston Globe, 5 June 2020

VALLET, Élisabeth, Le Canada retient son souffle avant l’élection américaine, Le Monde, 29 September 2020

VALLET, Élisabeth, Almost one year since restrictions to most US-Canada border travel, NBC5 News, 2 March 2021

Centre for seruRITy and crIsis governanCe (CRITIC)

CRITIC contributes to the construction of a university culture advocating excellence in research and teaching. CRITIC’s research activities are not and will never be dissociated from the mission of training officer cadets. Its activities aim, among other things, to implement practices that will put an end to the false dichotomy between research and teaching. The quality of the curriculum depends on the excellence and rigor of research activities.

The objectives of the Center on Security and Crisis Governance (hereafter CRITIC) are:

  1. To promote the production and dissemination of cutting-edge research on a variety of issues in global governance, national and international security, and crisis and risk management.
  2. To contribute to the development of Canadian and international academic research, public policy debates, and the education and training of students at Royal Military College Saint-Jean (RMC Saint‑Jean)
  3. To support, stimulate and develop collaboration in research projects within and outside of RMC Saint‑Jean.
  4. To support, stimulate and develop a fundamental research capacity within the RMC Saint-Jean and rooted in academic freedom and responsibility.
  5. To ensure a capacity for analysis and rapid reaction to intervene on strategic or current issues.

Bruno Charbonneau, Director (2019-2021)
Chantal Lavallé, Co-Director (2019-2021)

Centre sur la Gouvernance Sécuritaire et de Crise

COVID-19 and the Future of Global Order

The COVID-19 pandemic demonstrates the intertwining of multiple governance crises and a health crisis. It highlights the preparedness and responses of governments, international organizations and other actors. The medical sciences can, will, and have found solutions to deal with COVID-19. However, solutions are chosen and implemented via political decisions in specific contexts of socioeconomic governance, social relations, and power. The contributions in this report complement each other to offer insight into the multifaceted and multidimensional challenges that COVID-19 presents to global order, international cooperation, and democratic governance.

The report confirms the need for more research and the importance of adopting multidisciplinary approaches to examine the different consequences of COVID-19. (Report directed by Bruno Charbonneau and Chantal Lavallée)

With contributions from Yann Breault, Bruno Charbonneau, Chantal Lavallée, Mulry Mondelice, Marina Sharpe, Élisabeth Vallet.

Published in 2020.


Leadersphère et autres activités


The Leadersphere Conference brings together speakers and participants from a variety of backgrounds each year at Royal Military College Saint-Jean (virtually for 2021) to discuss the challenges facing Canadian leadership in the current national and international environment. Offering a cross-section of perspectives on the security, strategic and operational issues facing Canada, this conference provides a forum for debate on themes and issues at the heart of current events and scientific research that can inspire the thinking, discussions, decisions and actions of today’s and tomorrow’s leaders. It is also a place of outreach for the activities of RMC Saint-Jean and the research it produces. (2017 edition - organized by Francis Clermont, 2020 and 2021 editions - organized by Bruno Charbonneau and Chantal Lavallée)


Activities 2019-2020

Cycle of conferences Date and place Number of participants (approx.)
Prof. Charles-Philippe David, UQAM 18 September 2019 RMC Saint-Jean Packed room : 65 OCdts, military members, academics and civilians
Prof. Stéphanie Chouinard, RMC 23 October 2019 RMC Saint-Jean 45 OCdts, military members, academics and civilians
Prof. Jennifer Welsh, McGill University 20 November 2019 RMC Saint-Jean Packed room : 65 OCdts, military members, academics and civilians
Prof. Marijn Hoijtink, VU Amsterdam 9 December 2019 RMC Saint-Jean 45 OCdts, military members, academics and civilians
Prof. Stéfanie von Hlatky, Queen’s University 15 January 2020 RMC Saint-Jean 45 OCdts, military members, academics and civilians
Mr Sylvain Laporte, President of the Canadian Space Agency 27 February 2020 RMC Saint-Jean Packed room : +100 OCdts, military members, academics and civilians
Prof. Bruno Charbonneau 12-13 Fbruary 2019 Conference of Defence Associations Institute, Ottawa +200 military members, academics, etc.
Colloque Date and place Participants
Leadersphere 2020 13 February 2020 +150 OCdts, military members, academics and civilians
Experience ÉLOF Date and place Participants
International Studies Association, convention annuelle 27-30 March 2019 Toronto Prof. Charbonneau, Prof. Simonyi, Prof. Lavallée and 3 OCdts
Forum Saint-Laurent, annual symposium 2-3 May 2019 Quebec Prof. Charbonneau, Prof. Legault and 3 OCdts

Activities 2020-2021

Publications Manager Description Number of participants (approx.)
COVID-19 et l’avenir de l’ordre mondial / COVID-19 and the Future of Global Order Bruno Charbonneau and Chantal Lavallée Report that emerged of the reflection on the COVID-19, published in August 2020 on the RAS website 14 professors; 7 from RMC Saint-Jean
Macdonald-Laurier Institute Bruno Charbonneau, Christian Leuprecht, Shahar Hameiri, Nancy Teeple Blog posts published following the C19 report, August-October 2020 4 researchers
Forum on COVID-19 International Journal Bruno Charbonneau Special forum published following the C19 report, March 2021 5 researchers
Conferences Manager Description Number of participants (approx.)
Démystifier l’autre : les relations entre civils et militaires Marina Sharpe Conference organized in collaboration with the Red Cross (ICRC), 16 March 2021 50 from RMC Saint‑Jean and RMC
Surveillance électronique, les applications de traçage et la COVID-19 Bruno Charbonneau Webinar organized in collaboration with MIGS (Concordia) and the CIC (Montreal), June 30 2020  
DHSS Conferences
Élisabeth Vallet, Yann Brault, Bruno Charbonneau and Simon Hogue
Chantal Lavallée Conferences for OCdts organized in collaboration with the DHSS, from January to March 2021 40 to 100
Symposia Manager Description Number of participants (approx.)
Leadersphere Bruno Charbonneau 11 February Nearly 500
Forum PSP Bruno Charbonneau Participation in the organization and of the PSP Forum, February 18‑19  

Professional Military Education Department

The eighteen teachers of the Professional Military Education Department (PMED) participate in the professional development of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) non-commissioned members (NCMs) since 2003. Integrated into the Academic Wing of Royal Military College Saint-Jean in 2014, they teach at the Chief Warrant Officer Robert Osside Profession of Arms Institute (Robert Osside Institute).

Four development programmes are offered by the Robert Osside Institute : the Intermediate Leadership Programme (ILP), leading to a promotion to the rank of petty officer first class/warrant officer; the Advanced Leadership Programme (ALP), leading to a promotion to the rank of chief petty officer second class/master warrant officer; the Senior Leadership Programme (SLP), leading to a promotion to the rank of chief petty officer first class/chief warrant officer; and the Senior Appointment Programme (SAP), allowing chief petty officer first class and chief warrant officers to be designated to a senior appointment position. The PMED members teach the entire distance learning curriculum and actively participate within the residential courses of the Robert Osside Institute, in close collaboration with its military directing instructor staff.

Number of
qualified persons


Senior Appointment Programme

Senior Leadership Programme

Advanced Leadership Programme

Intermediate Leadership Programme


PMED is exclusively composed of teachers with a social sciences’ background, the profession of arms being a multidisciplinary field of research combining political science, history, sociology, psychology, philosophy and management. Given the specificities of the profession of arms as an object of study, PMED personnel have developed over the past seventeen years a unique expertise related to its application among the CAF non-commissioned members corp. Its teachers are directly involved in the development of the content for the non-commissioned members’ professional development programs and they often act as advisers when these issues are at the institutional level.


The profession of arms is a concept in constant evolution that must continually be redefined based on the values of the people it serves and represents.

The profession of arms is a concept in constant evolution that must continually be redefined based on the values of the people it serves and represents. Consequently, the work and research of the members of the PMED mainly aims to ensure the organizational and institutional culture of the CAF are aligned with the expectations of Canadian society towards its armed forces. Thus, in recent years, subjects such as ethics, diversity, cultural intelligence, child soldiers or genderbased analysis have either appeared or have taken growing importance in the Robert-Osside Institute’s curriculum, requiring the direct involvement of the PMED.

The variety of research interests of PMED members can be linked to the multidisciplinary nature of their study, the profession of arms, and all remain connected to the mission of the Robert Osside Institute. In the years covered by this report, the specific needs of the Robert Osside Institute’s programs have enabled PMED teachers to deepen their knowledge and conduct research on subjects such as systems thinking, the increasing complexity of military operations,the application of psychometric tools or military sociology. The military history of Canada also remains a subject of interest for the teachers of the PMED, who now apply it in a more professional and institutional perspective.

In addition to their primary responsibility in the education of NCMs, the PMED teachers are also fully Committed to RMC Saint-Jean’s mission of promoting its national and international influence while supporting other departments of the Academic Wing in their tasks with officer cadets.

Sébastien Hinse, Department Head (2019-2021)


Departement of Humanities & Social Sciences

The Department of Humanities and Social Sciences provides training at two levels. On the one hand, the certificate and bachelor’s degree programs in international studies focus on the study of dynamic relations involving states, international organizations and non-state actors on the international scene. They thus provide students with a general education that enables them to develop critical thinking skills in the analysis of major contemporary challenges and issues in several fields. More specifically, the bachelor’s program draws on a variety of disciplines including political science, law, history, geography, literature, psychology, communication, foreign languages and other areas of cultural studies.

It also provides cadets with the range of humanities and literature courses essential to their training, not only for the eventual completion of a diploma of college studies. or the prerequisites for university studies at the RMC Saint-Jean or the Royal Military College of Canada, but also with a view to making them future officers with an excellent general culture. Generally interdisciplinary, the research of professors teaching in the Bachelor of International Studies program aims to decipher and analyze the dynamic relationships involving international actors on the world stage. Consequently, the department’s professors produce and disseminate knowledge on numerous contemporary challenges and issues in the fields of peace and security, development and human rights in international relations and global governance.

Charles-Philippe Courtois, Department Head (since 2019)
Mélissa Lévesque, Acting Co-Director (2021)
Mulry Mondélice, Acting Co-Director (2021)


Cylcle of conferences of DHSS International Political News

Géopolitique climatique - Climate Geopolitics
Presentation by Bruno Charbonneau

Surveillance et univers numérique à l'ère de la COVID
Presentation by Simon Hogue

La guerre pour l'Artsakh : une victoire russe?
Presentation by Yann Breault

Les élections présidentielles américaines
Presentation by Élisabeth Vallet


Department of Languages

The Department of Languages is composed of five permanent teachers and as many contractual teachers, a director and an assistant. Its mission is to provide French and English as a Second Language courses as well as Spanish courses to approximately 200 officer cadets each year.

There are seven courses at different levels in French as a Second Language, five in English as a Second Language (including one course that is a pilot project) and five in Spanish. A placement test is used to create homogeneous groups before the beginning of the courses. The limit of students per group is ten.

The language department’ teaching is centered on the needs of the student. Classes are personalized and promote interaction and commitment, which are central to language acquisition.

Teachers apply the guiding principles of the communicative approach, which aims to “teach language in its social dimension, understand discourse from a global perspective, and focus on meaning.”

(Cuq and Gruca, 2003)

The teachers hold a master’s degree in the field of languages or language didactics and apply effective methods to facilitate learning. They advocate the action approach, characterized by the use of the target language in context and by projects. This approach is based on the realization of a socio-language action. It implies the joint realization of a project and is meant to be participatory. In this sense, many field projects were carried out by the teachers during the targeted period.

In addition, the teachers take advantage of technological tools and digital platforms in their teaching: flipped classroom, use of video for viewing or recording, language learning software, development of online questionnaires, collaborative documents, podcasts, etc.

Sara Trottier, Department Head (2019-2021)


Annual colloquium of the Department of Languages


Identifying Teacher Leadership Strategies Through Reflective Practice

Technological Aids : Vision, Audacity, Voice Path

Partnership projects between teachers and the public affairs team

Writing in the Discipline: a concrete application in second language teaching

Finding Real-World Authenticity in Grammar Instruction

Integration Project - Learning French through Community Engagement

The flipped classroom

Online interaction and cooperation : new skills to explore

French teaching at the Corean military academy


Heavy Topics. Techniques for Teaching the Holocaust & Rwanda in the Online and Regular Classroom

Student Readiness for Online Learning

Padlet : the online hub for your distance course

BILA tasks and challenges

TUTORING Project : Fostering motivation and learning of French through peer learning

Creating online surveys with Netquiz Web+

Teacher Identity and student collaboration projects (MTCP exchange and Mental Health unit)

Recording on Facebook

Statistics for evaluation: is my question at the right level?

Autenticity in Second Language : a project in English102

Autopsy of a favorite project : assessment of the Moi, je m’implique en français project

Department of Science

The mission of the Department of Science (DoS) is on one hand to support officer cadets in developing scientific skills by offering them a stimulating environment conducive to learning and to their personal development and, on the other hand, it’s to achieve research aimed at expanding scientific knowledge and improving the lives of Canadians and Canadian armed forces more specifically.

The influence of the department and its excellence is ensured by the participation of its members in the activities of the scientific and academic community. Modelling is at the centre of several research projects at the department. We find expertise in energy modelling, molecular electronics, quantum computing and biophysics. In addition to the modelling efforts taking place within the department, research projects in physiology and polymer chemistry are underway.

The teaching staff offers high-quality education and organizes many activities allowing the officer cadets to develop and widen their scientific knowledge. Among others, the Math and Science Club’s conferences, the annual scientific outing and the integrative activity in science projects present the officer cadets with a rich and diverse menu to an existing high-level academic program.

Finally, the department welcomed two new staff members which enhances its expertise. These are teachers Liu and Lazure who teach technical drawing/physics and mathematics respectively.

Alexandre Giguère, Department Head (2020-2021)
Gawiyou Danialou, Department Head (2019-2020)


The Number Pi Holiday

The number Pi holiday was celebrated on March 13, 2020, at Royal Military College Saint-Jean. Officer Cadet, Keaton Comfort, enumerated the first 679 decimal places of π without fail. He even made it to 1010 decimal places, after a slight error. As he performed in front of a panel of judges, his name will now appear on the “Pi World Ranking List” of people who have recited a record number of decimals of Pi.


Faculty Members

Department of Science

Photo du personnel du département des sciences de la nature

Professional Military Education Department

Photo du personnel du département de l’éducation militaire professionnelle

Department of Languages

Photo du personnel du département des langues

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences

Photo du personnel du département des humanités et des sciences sociales
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